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Herman Dooyeweerd


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The Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy is committed to making available in English the works of Dutch Christian philosopher, Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977), and through this to promote philosophical work shaped by Christian beliefs.

The Dooyeweerd Pages is a growing website - managed by Andrew Basden - designed to aid scholars in understanding the philosophical framework of the late Herman Dooyeweerd.

Glenn Friessen's site Studies relating to Herman Dooyeweerd.

On Dooyeweerd: a bibliography 10 page pdf

A brief biography of Herman Dooyeweerd 7th October 1894 – 12th February 1977


Dooyeweerd loved art and music and was an accomplished pianist, he enjoyed detective stories and was a supporter of Ajax, the famous Amsterdam football team, but it is not for these things that Dooyeweerd is remembered.  He was the pioneer of the school of ‘the philosophy of the cosmonomic principle’ or more simply reformational philosophy.

He has been described as one of the foremost philosophers of the Netherlands.  Dr. P.B. Cliteur, [1] wrote in 1994: ‘Herman Dooyeweerd is undoubtedly the most formidable Dutch philosopher of the 20th century. ... As a humanist I have always looked at “my own tradition” in search for similar examples. They simply don't exist. Of course, humanists too wrote important books, but in the case of Herman Dooyeweerd we are justified in speaking about a philosopher of international repute.’

G.E. Langemeijer, attorney general of the Dutch Appeal Court and chairman of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences, wrote in the Trouw [2] that Dooyeweerd was ‘the most original philosopher Holland has ever produced, even Spinoza not excepted’.


Giorgio Delvecchio, an Italian neo-Kantian philosopher, viewed Dooyeweerd as ‘the most profound, innovative, and penetrating philosopher since Kant’. [3]


More recently philosopher Alvin Plantinga stated that “Dooyeweerd's work was comprehensive, insightful, profound, courageous, and quite properly influential.” [4]

Dooyeweerd was born on 7th October 1894 in Amsterdam to Hermen Dooijeweerd, an accountant, (1850-1919) and Maria Christina Spaling (1862-1948).  Maria was Hermen’s second wife, his first had died leaving him three daughters.  Herman was the only boy of a family of five children.

Dooyeweerd’s father was greatly influenced by Abraham Kuyper and Dooyeweerd, who became a Christian at a young age, was immersed in kuyperian thought and neo-calvinism.  He would have heard Kuyper’s newspaper articles read aloud at home and he attended a Christian school whose headmaster Dr J. Woltjer was an associate of Kuyper.

In 1912 he attended the Free University (Vrije Univeriteit, VU) in Amsterdam.  There he studied law.  He was disappointed with the VU as he expected to get a good grounding in the kuyperian worldview. The VU had been founded in 1880 by Kuyper and in Dooyeweerd’s time there were only three faculties.  The law faculty only had three professors: Fabius, Anema and Diepenhorst. In 1917 he received his doctorate for a thesis entitled: ‘De Ministerraad in het Nederlandsche Staaatsrecht’ (Cabinet Ministers under Dutch Constitutional Law’). 

He then took up the post of an assistant tax collector in Friesland.  In 1918 he moved to Leiden where he had the post of an assistant to a municipal councillor.  He was then asked to become the deputy head of the Public Health department in The Hague.

During this time, he studied independently legal philosophy.  He found that there was much conflict between the different approaches to legal philosophy and this made him convinced that there was a need for a ‘genuinely Christian and biblically based insight and foundation’. [5]

Dooyeweerd began to correspond with his brother in law D. H. Th Vollenhoven – Vollenhoven, also a graduate of the VU, had married Dooyeweerd’s sister in 1918.  In these correspondences Dooyeweerd expressed a desire to ‘work out the philosophical foundations of science and of developing a theistic position, along Calvinist lines’. [6]

In May 1921 Vollenhoven became a pastor in The Hague and this gave the two more time to talk together and develop their ideas.

In October 1922 the newly founded research institute of the Ant-Revolutionary Party, a party associated with Kuyper, appointed the 27-year-old Dooyeweerd the first director.  This gave Dooyeweerd the time and opportunity to develop his philosophical ideas. [7]  He married on Jantiena Wilhelmina Fernhout on 19th September1924.

It was during this time that he developed the idea of the religious root of theoretical thought – the idea that all the sciences are dependent on pre-theoretical presuppositions.

He worked for the ‘Kuyper Institute’, as it was known, for four years.  He then accepted an offer to become professor of law at the VU, a position he held for 40 years until his retirement in 1965 at 70.

His brief at the VU was to teach ‘Introduction to the Science of Law’, the ‘History of traditional Dutch law’ and ‘Jurisprudence’.  He replaced the ‘Introduction’ with an ‘Encyclopaedia of Legal Science’.

It was at the VU that Dooyeweerd completed his De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee (Amsterdam: 1935-36). This was translated into English in 1953 as The New Critique of Theoretical Thought. This translation contained extensive revisions and additions.  His next planned project was Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy [8] and then the Encyclopaedia of Legal Science. [9]  He was not able to complete these fully during his lifetime.

He founded and was editor in chief (1936-1976) of the journal Philosophia Reformata. 

After the Second World War he travelled extensively to Switzerland, South Africa, France, Belgium, the United States – including several times to Harvard University - and Canada.  It was the lectures during one of the tours to North America that formed the basis of In the Twilight of Western Thought (1960). 

During 1945 to 1948He wrote a series of articles in the weekly Nieuw Nederland these formed the basis for his book Roots of Western Culture (1979).

In 1948 he was inducted into the Royal Academy of Dutch Sciences.

Dooyeweerd was a prolific author and wrote around 200 articles and books.  The last article he wrote was for Philosophia Reformata in 1975.

Dooyeweerd’s son had this to say of him:


Dooyeweerd was a gifted man but in ways of a very down-to-earth person with his feet on the ground.  We in the family loved him dearly and are, we think justifiably, proud of him.  We remember him as someone who was humble before his God and always strove to be in his service.  In the days just before his death I personally witnessed how he struggled greatly with the fact that in his own eyes he had not done all that he seemingly felt God had called him to do.




1. President of the `Humanist League' in The Netherlands and professor of philosophy at the Technical University of Delft. Cited in Witte Jr.

2. October 6, 1964.  On the occasion of Dooyeweerd’s 70th birthday.  Cited in Witte Jr.

3. Cited in Witte Jr.

4. In ‘Christian philosophy at the end of the twentieth century’.

5. Dooyeweerd Jr p. 107.

6. Henderson p. 27.

7. According to Witte Jr: “His work in these four years culminated in five major articles, including a fifteen-part tract ‘In the Struggle for a Christian Politics’ [Herman Dooyeweerd, "In den strijd om een Christelijke Staatkunde. Proeve van een fundeering der Calvinistische levens- en wereldbeschouwing in hare Wetsidee," I Antirevolutionaire Staatkunde (henceforth A.R.S.) 7-25 62- 79, 104-118, 161-173, 189-200, 228-244, 309-324, 433-460, 489-504, 528- 542 581-598, 617-634, (1924-5); 2 A.R.S. 244-65, 425-445 (1926). A.R.S. was the monthly journal of the Dr. Abraham Kuyper Foundation, which Dooyeweerd edited for several years. This work will appear as volume B5 of the Collected Works of Dooyeweerd.] and an important monograph ‘Calvinism and Natural Law’ (contained in volume B1 of the Collected Works of Dooyeweerd).”  Details can be found

8. The three volume work has now recently been published by Edwin Mellen Press as A5, A6 and A7 of the Collected Works of Herman Dooyeweerd series.

9. The first volume of this has now been published (translated by Robert D. Knudsen) by Edwin Mellen as A8.  A9-11 will appear shortly.  Details can be found




Herman Dooyeweerd Jr, ‘Herman Dooyeweerd – a biographical sketch’ in Herman Dooyeweerd Christian Philosophy and the Meaning of History (Edwin Mellen Press: Lewsiton,1996).

Herman Dooyeweerd ‘The Last Interview of Dooyeweerd’ in J.M. van Dunné, P. Boeles and A.J. Heerma van Voss (eds): Acht civilisten in burger

R. D. Henderson Illuminating Law: The Construction of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy 1918-1928 (Vrije Uiversitet: Amsterdam, nd.)(Zwolle: W.E.J. Tjeenk Willink, 1977). (Translated for study purposes by Dr. J. Glenn Friesen)

H. Evan Runner Dooyeweerd’s passing and appreciation The Banner 1977

Witte Jr., John, ‘Introduction’ in A Christian Theory of Social Institutions, by Herman Dooyeweerd, trans. Magnus Verbrugge. (Paideia Press: Ontario, 1986)

Dooyeweerd's writings


Dooyeweerd's works are being republished by Mellen Press


By Dooyeweerd in English
1947. Introduction to transcendental criticism of philosophic thought. Evangelical Quarterly 19: 47-51

1948. Transcendental Problems of Philosophic Thought: An Inquiry into the Transcendental Conditions of Philosophy. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.

1951. 'The contest about the concept of sovereignity in modern jurisprudence and political science' Free University Quarterly 1: 85-106.

1953-8. A New Critique of Theoretical Thought 4 vols. Presbyterian and Reformed, Philadelphia.
This was a revision and a translation of the Dutch.

1957. 'Del Vecchio's idealistic philosophy of the law viewed in the light of a transcendental critique of philosophic thought' Philosophia Reformata 22: 1-20, 101-24.

1958. 'The criteria of progressive and reactionary tendencies in history' in
Verslag van de plechtige viering van het honderdvijftigjarig bestaan der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 6-9 Mei: 213–28

1960 "Christianity, Humanism and the European Future:" Delta, Winter issue, pp. 39-41.

1960. 'What is Man?' International Reformed Bulletin 3 (6): 4-16.

1960. In the Twilight of Western Thought: Studies in the Pretended of Philosophical Thought. Prebyterian and Reformed: Philadelphia. (Republished in 1972 by Craig Pres, Nutley NJ).

1966. The secularisation of science. (Translated by Robert D. Knudsen.) International Reformed Bulletin 9: 2-18.

1968. The Christian Idea of the State (Translated by John Kraay) (The Craig Press, Nutley NJ)

1971. Cornelius van Til and the transcendental critique of theoretical thought. Jerusalem and Athens: critical Discussion on the theology and Apologetics of Cornelius Van Til (with a response by Van Til) Philadelphia. Also available on the Van Til CD.

1971. Sociology and law and its philosophical foundations. Truth and Reality: Essays Dedicated to H G Stoker Braamfontein.

1979. The problem of the relationship of nature and grace in the Calvinistic law-idea. Anakainosis 4: 13-15

1979. Roots of Western Culture: Pagan, Secular and Christian Options. Wedge: Toronto.

1986. A Christian Theory of Social Institutions. The Herman Dooyeweerd Foundation: La Jolla CA.

Introductions to Dooyeweerd's WdW

Roy Clouser. 1991. The Myth of Religious Neutrality: An Essay on the Hidden Role of Religious Beliefs in Theories. University of Notre Dame Press: Notre Dame (2nd edn 2005)

L Kalsbeek. 1975. Contours of Christian Philosophy: An Introduction to Dooyeweerd’s Thought. Wedge, Toronto.


J M Spier 1954. An Introduction to Christian Philosophy. Presbyterian and Reformed: Philadelphia.


S T Wolfe. 1978. A Key to Dooyeweerd. Presbyterian and Reformed: Philadelphia.



On Dooyeweerd's WdW

Gregory Baus 2005. 'Dooyeweerd's societal sphere sovereignty: neither tax based nor laissez-faire' (VU Masters paper)

Tim Black A Transcendental Analysis and Critique of Dooyeweerd’s Distinction between Naïve and Theoretical Thought

Philip Blosser. 1993. 'Reconnoitering Dooyeweerd's theory of man' Philosophia Reformata 58 (2) 192-209 (a revised version of 'Soul and body in the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd' Tydskrif vir christelike Wetenskap 27 (1) (1991) 57-82)

Vincent Brummer. 1961. Transcendental Criticism and Christian Philosophy: A Presentation and Evaluation of Herman Dooyeweerd’s ‘Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea. Wever: Franeker.

Alan Cameron. 1997. Implications of Dooyeweerd's legal philosophy for political theory. Nuances [electronic] 5 (August) Pt 5.

Alan Cameron. 1998. Dooyeweerd's jurisprudential method: legal causality as a case study. ALTA 1998 Conference Proceedings vol 2: 595-634.

Alan Cameron. 1998. Dooyeweerd on law and morality: legal ethics - a test case. Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 28 (1): 263-281.

Alan Cameron. 2000. 'Implications of Dooyeweer's encyclopedia of legal science' in Strauss and Botting (ed.)

Alan Cameron.2000. Between norm and fact: the jurisprudence of Herman Dooyeweerd [unpub article].

Alan Cameron.2004. The Encyclopedia of the Science of Law: a provisional assessment of the Legal Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd [A paper prepared for presentation as a public lecture at Redeemer University College, Ancaster, Ontario, 27 September 2004.]

Charles Cameron. 1991. 'Herman Dooyeweerd' in J. D. Douglas (ed.)  From The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Baker: Grand Rapids.

Jonathan Chaplin.1995. Dooyeweerd's Notion of Societal Structural Principles. Philosophia Reformata 60:16-36

Yong-Joon Choi. 2006. Dialogue and Antithesis: A Philosophical Study on the Significance of Herman Dooyeweerd’s Transcendental Critique. California: Hermit Kingdom Press.

Roy Clouser. 1996. 'A Sketch of Dooyeweerd's Philosophy of Science' in Facets of Faith and Science, Ed. J. Van der Meer. (Lanham: University Press of America, 1996), vol. 2: 81-98.

Roy Clouser. 1995. 'The Uniqueness of Dooyeweerd's Program for Philosophy and Science: Whence the Difference?' in Christian Philosophy at the Close of the 20th Century, Ed. Griffoen & Balk (Netherlands: Kampen, Kok, 1995): 113-125.

A L Conradie. 1960. The Neo-Calvinist Concept of Philosophy. University Press: Natal.

W F De Gaay Fortman et al. (eds) 1965. Philosophy and Christianity: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Professor Dr Herman Dooyeweerd. North-Holland: Amsterdam. 

Jan Dengerink. 1965. 'Hauriou and Dooyeweerd' in De Gaay Fortman et al. (ed.)

J J Duyvene de Wit. 1965. 'The impact of Herman Dooyeweerd's Christian philosophy upon present day biological thought' in De Gaay Fortman (ed.)

David H Freeman 'A new school of Christian philosophy' Journal of Religion 38 (1958): 46-53

J. Glenn Friesen's The mystical Dooyeweerd part I and part II

J. Glenn Friesen Dooyeweerd and Bader: A response to D F M Strauss

J. Glenn Friesen's translation of Dooyeweerd's  'De Kentheoretische Gegenstandsrelatie en de Logische Subject-Objectrelatie' Philosophia Reformata

J. Glenn Friesen 'Individuality structures and enkapsis: individuation from totality in Dooyeweerd and German Idealism' (1975) 83-101

J. Glenn Friesen 'Dooyeweerd, Spann, and the philosophy of totality' Philosophia Reformata 70 (2005) 2-22

J. Glenn Friessen.2005. 'Dooyeweerd versus Vollenhoven' Philosophia Reformata 70 (2005) 102-

J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. 'Why did Dooyeweerd want to tear out his hair?'.

J. Glenn Friesen. 2006. 'The religious dialectic revisited part 1.'

Gerit Glass. 2002. Churchland, Kandel and Dooyeweerd on the Reducibility of Mind States. Philosophia Reformata 67: 148-172

Sander Griffoen and Bert M Balk (eds). 1995. Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century: Assessment and Perspective. Kampden: Kok.

Hendrik Hart. 1985. Dooyeweed's Gegenstand theory of theory. In McIntire (ed.)

Hendrik Hart. 2000. 'Notes on Dooyeweerd, reason and order' in Strauss and Botting (ed.)

R D Henderson.1994. Illuminating Law: The Construction of Herman Dooyeweerd's Philosophy. Free University: Amsterdam.

Irving Hexham. 1984. 'Herman Dooyeweerd' in Evangelical Dictionary of Theology: 330-331.

Arthur F. Holmes. 1964. 'Dooyeweerd: some questions and an alternative'. Reformed Journal 14 (Jan): 11-14.

Arthur F. Holmes. 1963. 'Dooyeweerd: his philosophic method' Reformed Journal 13 (Nov): 14-16.

Arthur Holmes. 1971. Christian philosophy of science: unfinished business. Journal of the American Scientific Association 23 (March): 4-6.

Arthur Holmes. 1974 edn. Christian philosophy. Encyclopaedia Britanica Vol 4: 555-556.

Dirk W. Jellma.1954. 'The philosophy of Vollenhoven and Dooyeweerd' Calvin Forum 19 (Apr): 169-172; (May):192-194.

Rob Joustra 2004   Progress and Differentiation: A Critical Exposition on the Philosophy of History of Herman Dooyeweerd and Christopher Dawson

Earl William Kennedy. 1973.  'Herman Dooyeweerd on history: an attempt to understand him' Fides at Historia 6: 1-21.

Jacob Klapwijk. 1980. The struggle for a Christian philosophy: another look at Dooyeweerd. Reformed Journal 30 (Feb): 12-15; (Mar): 20-24.

Jacob Klapwijk. 1980. Dooyeweerd’s Christian philosophy: antithesis and critique. Reformed Journal 30 (3): 20-24.

Robert D. Knudsen. 1954.  The idea of Christian scientific endeavor in the thought of Herman Dooyeweerd. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation  6 (2): 8-12.

Robert D. Knudsen. 1962. 'Dooyewerd's philosophic method'. Lecture delivered at the annual philosophy conference, Wheaton College. (mimeo).

Robert D. Knudsen. 1979. Dooyeweerd's doctrine of science. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation 31 (September): 209-212.

Robert D. Knusden.1986. The transcendental perspective of Westminster’s apologetic.  Westminster Theological Journal. 48 (2): 223-239.

Robert D. Knudsen. 2000. The religious foundation of Dooyeweerd's transcendental method in Strauss and Botting (ed.)

Richard Korner. 1954-5 A new critique of theoretical thought. Review of Metaphysics 8 (3) 321-4.Richard Korner. 1954-5 A new critique of theoretical thought. Review of Metaphysics 8 (3) 321-4.

David T. Koyzis Dooyeweerd Revised

John Kraay. 1979-80. 'Successive conceptions in the development of the Christian philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd' Philosophia Reformata 44: 137-49; 45: 1-46.

Paul Marshall. 1985. 'Dooyeweerd's empirical theory of rights.' in McIntire (ed.)

C T McIntire. 1985a. Herman Dooyeweerd in North America. In Reformed Theology in America, D F Wells (ed).  Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.

C T McIntire (ed.). 1985b. The Legacy of Herman Dooyeweerd: Reflections on Critical Philosophy in the Christian Tradition. University Press of America: Toronto.

C. T. McIntire. 1985. Dooyeweerd's philosophy of history' in McIntire (ed.)

Robert MacLarkey.1991. Reformational social philosophy and sociological theory. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 43: 96-102 [response by Heddendorf ].

Hugo Meynell. 2003. The philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd: a transcendental Thomist appraisal. Faith and Philosophy 20: 265-87.

Ronald Nash. 1962. Dooyeweerd and the Amsterdam Philosophy. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.

James H. Olthuis.1985. 'Dooyeweerd on religion and Faith' in McIntire (ed.).

James H. Olthuis. 2006. Spiritual convergence and philosophical differences. Redeemer conference.

C. Orlebeke. 1954. 'What is calvinistic philosophy? Calvin Forum 19: 139-140.

Paul Otto. 2005. 'In the twilight of Dooyeweerd's corpus'. Philosophia Reformata 70 (1)

W J Ouweneel. 1993. 'Supratemporality in the Transcendental Anthropology of Herman Dooyeweerd' Philosophia Reformata 58: 210-220.

Jim Payton and Rob Joustra 'The vindication of tradition: a response'

A. A. van Peursen. 1995. 'Dooyeweerd and the discussion about science' Pro Rege 24 (Sept): 11-17.


Jack  Roeda. 1969. 'Structure and revolution: Herman Dooyeweerd and Helmut Thiekle'. Stromata 15 (Oct): 3-7.


Richard Russell. 1990. In defence of Dooyeweerd and of Christian philosophy. Spectrum

Calvin Seerveld. 1965. 'Dooyeweerd's contribution to the historiograpy of philosophy' in  De Gaay Fortman et al (ed.)

Calvin Seerveld.1996. Dooyeweerd’s idea of “historical development”: Christian respect for cultural diversity. Westminster Theological Journal 58(1): 41-61

Calvin Seerveld. 1985. Dooyeweed's legacy for aesthetics: modal law theory. in McIntire (ed.)

Norman Shepherd. 1971. The doctrine of Scripture in the Dooyeweerdian philosophy. Outlook 21 (Feb): 18-21; (March): 20-23.

James Skillen. 1979. Herman Dooyeweerd’s contribution to the philosophy of social science. Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation.

Henry J. Stob. 1977. 'Herman Dooyeweerd'. Reformed Journal 27 (Apr): 2-3.


Pete Steen. 1983. The Structure Of Herman Dooyeweerd's Thought. Wedge: Toronto.


D F M Strauss.2004. Intellectual Influences upon the Reformational Philosophy of Dooyeweerd. Philosophia Reformata 69: 151-181

D F M Strauss and Michelle Botting (eds). 2000. Contemporary Reflections on the Philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd. Edward Mellen: Lewiston.

D F M Strauss. 2006. Appropriating the legacy of Dooyeweerd and Vollenhoven. Redeemer conference.

Dale K. Van Kley. 1975. 'Dooyeweerd as historian' in G. Marsden and F. Roberts (ed.) A Christian View of History? Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.

Cornelius Van Til. 1953.  Review of A New Critique of Theoretical Thought, Vol. I. Westminster Theological Journal 16: 180–83.

Cornelius Van Til.1977. Herman Dooyeweerd (a personal tribute). Westminster Theological Journal. 39 (2): 319-27

Henry R. Van Til. 1955. 'Anniversary : The First 25 Years of Prof. Herman Dooyeweerd' Torch and Trumpet 4.6 (Feb/March 1955): 6–8.

Henry R. Van Til. 1973. 'Dooyeweerd's "history" and the historian. Pro Rege  2 (Dec): 7-15.

Nick Van Til. 1973. 'Dooyeweerd's "history" and the historian'. Pro Rege 2 (Dec): 7-15.


Brian J Walsh and Jon Chaplin.1983. 'Dooyeweerd’s contribution to a Christian philosophical paradigm'. Crux 19 (1): 8-22.

Nicholas Wolterstorff  'Dooyeweerd: an appreciation'  unpublished (written in the mid-1960s and presented to a Calvin Faculty Forum)

Al Wolters. 1983.  Dutch neo-calvinism: worldview, philosophy and rationality.  In Hart et al. (1983)

Al Wolters. 1985. The intellectual milieu of Herman Dooyeweerd. In McIntire (ed.) (1985)

Colin Wright. 1999. 'Dooyeweerd made easy (well ... easier'). Christianity and Society IX (1): 21-27.

William Young. 1966. 'Herman Dooyeweerd' in P. E. Hughes (ed.) Creative Minds in Contemporary Theology. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids: 270-306. Reproduced with the permission of the publisher.  Please visit their website:

Wiliam Young. 'The nature of man in the Amsterdam philosophy' Westminster Theological Journal 22: 1-12.

Lambert Zuidervaart 2004. The great turning point: religion and rationality in Dooyewerd’s transcendental critique. Faith and Philosophy 21 (1) : 65-89.

Uko Zylstra. 1981. 'Dooyeweerd's concept of classification in biology' in Life is Religion: Essays in Honor of H. Evan Runner. Paideia: St Catherine's.

Critics of Dooyeweerd's WdW

Gordon H Clark. 1999. The Toronto school. Trinity Review (August)

Anton Dillier. 1990. Herman Dooyeweerd – a profile of his thought.  Spectrum 22(2): 139-154.

Vincent Brummer. 1961. Transcendental Criticism and Christian Philosophy: A Presentation and Evaluation of Herman Dooyeweerd’s ‘Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea.  Wever: Franeker.

John Frame. 1972. The Amsterdam Philosophy: A Preliminary Critique. Phillipsburg, NJ.

Arthur F. Holmes. 1964. 'Dooyeweerd: some questions and an alternative'. Reformed Journal 14 (Jan): 11-14.


Arthur F. Holmes. 1963. 'Dooyeweerd: his philosophic method' Reformed Journal 13 (Nov): 14-16.


Hugo Meynell. 2003. The philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd: a transcendental Thomist appraisal. Faith and Philosophy 20: 265-87.

Ronald Nash. 1962. Dooyeweerd and the Amsterdam Philosophy. Eerdmans: Grand Rapids.




William D Dennison.1999. Dutch neo-calvinism and the roots for transformation: an introductory essay . Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society. 42 (2): 271-291.


Richard J Mouw.1999. Dutch-Calvinist influences in North America Calvin Theological Journal 24: 93-120.


William Young. 1973-4. Historic Calvinism and neo-calvinism. Westminster Theological Journal 36: 48-64;156-173.


William Young. 1952. Towards a Reformed Philosophy: The Development of a Protestant Philosophy in Dutch Calvinist Thought Since the Time of Abraham Kuyper. Wever: Franeker.


Jacob Klapwijk. 1983. Rationality in the neo-calvinist tradition.  In Hart et al. (1983).



Miscellaneous on-line mentions of Dooyeweerd

Orthodox Christian Reformed Church of Cambridge history 

Philip Blosser reflections

Leidse Wetenschappers

Imago Veritatis

Kuyper, Dooyeweerd, romanticism

Herman Dooyeweerd



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